We’re joining in with the Early Elementary Blogging series this year, where a group of bloggers will be sharing themed activities suitable for grades 1-3 (or in the UK, equivalent to KS1)

This week’s topic is polar animals and I’ve put together a printable pack with facts on 7 different polar animals that you can use for several different learning activities with the kids.

free printable pack of polar animals factfiles and images

The pack includes:

  • Polar Bears
  • Penguins
  • Reindeer
  • Arctic Fox
  • Narwhal
  • Harp Seal
  • Snowy Owl

If there’s another polar animal that your child likes, you can make another fact file together by googling the animal and then filling in a table in a word document, which will give them some typing practice too!

Download the Polar Animals Fact files in PDF format here

Download Polar Animals Picture pack in PDF format here

If you want to refer to the polar animals facts without printing out the sheets, I’ve put them all at the end of the post too so you can refer to them on the computer, tablet or phone screen and play the guessing and quiz games that way.

Polar Animals Guessing Game

One of our favourite games to play with animal fact files like these is a type of verbal “guess who” game.

One player will pick an animal, and read out one of the facts as a clue and other players will try their best to guess what the animal is. If they can’t guess, keep adding extra fact clues one by one until someone can guess the answer.

Polar Animals Quizzing Game

Another way to play with the fact files is as a quiz game. Give each child a buzzer, a bell or something to make a noise and let them buzz when they know the answer to add some extra excitement to the quiz. One person uses the fact sheets to make up questions, and ideally two or more will try to answer the questions to give it a competitive element of fun!

Cutting and Sticking Polar Animals Report

Kids can also use the fact file pages to create a collaged animal report, by sticking down all of the animal facts, (or whichever of the facts they find most interesting) around a picture of their chosen animal. My boys all enjoyed doing this (ages 4-7) and thought about sticking related facts nearby to each other on the page, or drawing arrows to the animal picture to link facts to certain parts of the creature where applicable.

cutting and sticking arctic animals factfile for the arctic fox

You could make these a little smaller and adapt them into top trumps cards too. My kids love any kind of trading card, and were excited to compare which animal is bigger than the other, or is a predator to one of the other smaller animals in the fact files set. – they were surprised to see that the snowy owl is a predator to the Arctic fox!

You could also incorporate these polar animal colouring pages I posted last week and make a larger collage.

More Polar Animal Activities

polar animal learning activities

More Polar Animal Ideas from the Early Elementary Team:

Penguin Addition to 100 with Hundreds Chart from Life Over C’s

Polar Animals Facts Game from In the Playroom

How Do Penguins Stay Dry? from Raising Little Superheroes

Polar Bear Food Chains from Rainy Day Mum

Polar Bear Place Value Math Games from Sugar Aunts

Polar Bear Paw Arrays from Still Playing School

Arctic Animals Sight Words Game from 123 Homeschool 4 Me

Polar Animals True or False? from Sallie Borrink – Living and Learning Outside the Box

Penguin Art Project from Preschool Powol Packets

Arctic Animals Colouring Pages from In The Playroom

Polar Animals Facts

If you want to refer to the polar animals facts without printing out the sheets, I’ve put them all below too so you can refer to them on the computer, tablet or phone screen and play the guessing and quiz games that way.

Polar Bears


  • They are the world’s largest land predators
  • Males may grow 10 feet tall and weigh over 1400 pounds.  Females reach seven feet and weigh 650 pounds
  • In the wild they live up to age 25
  • Their fur is oily and water repellent
  • They have a 4 inch layer of fat underneath their skin
  • The smallest foot pad is the front track and the larger is the hind track
  • They primarily eat seals
  • They have a special liver that allows them to process all of the seal fat they eat
  • Humans are their only predator
  • They are considered marine mammals
  • They are related to the brown bear, and they have evolved over time to live in cold northern arctic climates
  • They are able to lose and gain large amounts of weight through the year without causing stress health problems.  Scientists are studying them to see if they can provide a key to human diseases like diabetes and heart disease!



  • They are birds but are not able to fly
  • They spend as much as 75% of their time underwater, searching for food in the ocean
  • Their body is built for the most efficient swimming with their average speed in the water being about 15 miles per hour
  • They are warm blooded with a normal body temperature of about 100 degrees F.
  • As many as 5,000 of them will bunch together to warm each other up
  • They enjoy tobogganing, surfing and diving
  • They are 17 species, each one slightly different. All of the species live in the Southern hemisphere



  • They are also known as Caribou
  • They are herbivores and eat lichen a type of moss, grass and plants
  • A male is called a buck, a female is called a doe and a baby is called a fawn
  • They have antlers of around 3ft tall
  • They are a species of deer
  • They are found in some mountainous areas of Northern Europe and America, as well as in the North Pole
  • They can run 50 miles per hour

Arctic Fox


  • They change the color of their fur with the seasons. In winter they are white to blend in with the snow, while in the summer they change to brown.
  • It’s tail is also called a brush
  • They are omnivores, eating plants and meat
  • Their favourite food is lemmings
  • Their hearing is so good that they can locate the exact position of their prey under the snow.
  • They live in burrows
  • Eagles, wolves and polar bears are all predators to them
  • They are Iceland’s only native land mammal.
  • They have large litters, of up to 14 pups



  • They are large-sized, toothed whales
  • They have the nickname ‘unicorn of the sea’
  • They do not have dorsal fins and can easily travel around (and under) the Arctic ice
  • Their main predator is the Orca
  • Males weigh approximately 3,600 pounds, and are 5 meters in length. The females weigh approximately 2,000 pounds, and are 4 meters in length.
  • They communicate with each other through the water by clicking or whistling
  • They are found in the Arctic North

Harp Seal


  • They are members of the Pinniped family
  • Other varieties of Arctic seals include hooded, ringed and bearded seals
  • Mothers recognize their pups by scent and reject every pup but their own
  • The male is called bull, the female is called cow and the baby is called pup
  • When harp seal pup eats, its teeth grow; they do not grow if the pup doesn’t eat
  • Adult grow to be approximately 5 to 6 feet long and 300 to 400 pounds
  • Adults have a silvery-grey body with a black face, but the pups have snowy white fur
  • They eat many types of fish, and also crustaceans

Snowy Owl


  • It is a bird of prey
  • It lives in the Arctic tundra
  • It’s also known as the Great White Owl, Arctic Owl or Tundra Owl
  • It’s chicks are called Owlets and they hatch in July
  • Their favourite food is lemmings
  • They eat small mammals like hare, weasel, arctic fox, ground squirrels, along with birds and fish
  • They hunt during the day and the night
  • They swallow their food whole
  • They prefer to nest on higher ground
  • Their eyes have circles of feathers around them that help reflect sound to their ears
  • Human hunters are their main predators, along with large foxes, wild dogs and wolves

make polar animal factfile collages with these free printable fact sheets and image sheets